Exercise considerations for people with chronic disease

Exercise is recommended for everyone; however, it may need to be tailored to one's specific needs.  medical history that includes

Heart disease
including high blood pressure, past heart attack, past bypass surgery, or valve repair or replacement)

Diabetes (type1, type2, secondary)


Cardiac medications
can change the intensity at which you can exercise. For instance, specific cardiac medications  -- known as beta-blockers -- will keep your heart rate and blood pressure low and, as a result, blunt your heart rate during exertion. If you take a beta-blocker, expect no more than a 20-30 beat increase in your pulse rate during exercise. Commonly prescribed beta-blockers include Toprol, metoprolol, atenolol, Coreg, Lopresor, and sotalol.
Plainly put, during exercise, your heart rate should be 20-30 beats more than your resting pulse. Read more...

Angina sufferers may need to warm up for longer than 5 minutes. Angina is the discomfort that you feel -- commonly in the chest, neck, back, or jaw -- when your heart is not getting ample blood flow. Arteries that do not dilate well contribute to angina.
    During the warm-up phase of your exercise program, your arteries dilate to accommodate the increased blood flow that will supply working muscles with oxygen and other needed nutrients. For most adults, a 5-minute warm up will suffice. For those with angina, 10-15 minutes of low level exercise may be needed to sufficiently open up the arteries and relieve angina symptoms.